- Sleeping With Younger Men: Women’s Accounts of Sexual Interplay in Age-Hypogamous Intimate Relationships Milaine Alarie. 2019-02-22.
" women perceived age-hypogamous intimate relationships as a context in which they can more easily disrupt some facets... namely those regarding (a) the expression of sexual desire, (b) sexual assertiveness, and/or (c) the importance of female pleasure... women’s perceptions of younger men as fantasizing about sexually experienced women altered the gender power dynamics... reproduced certain facets of the cultural sexual script, such as the emphasis on penile–vaginal intercourse..."
- Women want taller men more than men want shorter women Gert Stulp, Abraham P. Buunk, Thomas V. Pollet. 2013-02-08.
"... women are most satisfied when their partner was 21 cm taller, whereas men are most satisfied when they were 8 cm taller than their partner... the preference for the male being taller than the female in a couple was most pronounced in women... Women, but not men, considered partner heights unacceptable if they resulted in the female partner being taller than the male... our data suggest that the male taller norm as observed in married couples in Western societies (Gillis & Avis, 1980; Sear, 2006; Stulp, Buunk, Pollet, Nettle, & Verhulst, 2013) is more likely to be driven by women rather than by men... women were more tolerant towards male partner heights that were above their preferred height than towards heights that were below their preferred height... we have shown quite clearly that men and women differ in their views of what constitutes the ’ideal’ partner height difference..."
- Sex differences and reproductive hormone influences on human odor perception Richard L. Doty and E. Leslie Cameron. 2010-05-25.
"In this review we examine what is known about sex-related alterations in human smell function, including influences of the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, gonadectomy, and hormone replacement therapy on a range of olfactory measures... A reasonable assessment of the aforementioned literature suggests that women, on average, are more sensitive than men to some odorants, although the sex differences are not large... Experience with odorants may also be involved, given that sensitivity to some odorants is increased as a result of repeated exposure, an effect that is stronger in women than in men...
"Stevenson and Allen... conducted a motor performance task in male and female college students in which half the experimenters were male and half female. The experimenters complimented the subjects as they performed the task. Higher levels of performance occurred when the compliments came from the experimenter of the opposite sex.
"... self-injected large doses of testosterone and estradiol and reported that (1) estradiol increased his sensitivity to trimethylamine and pyridine and decreased his sensitivity to safrol and (2) testosterone decreased his sensitivity to most of the odors he evaluated, including Exaltolide...
"Given that a number of toxins can be transferred from the pregnant female’s circulatory system to the fetus, as well as from her milk to the nursing newborn, the chemical senses likely play a role in warning a mother of foodstuffs and ambient air conditions potentially dangerous to her born or yet-to-be-born offspring. Along these lines, it is noteworthy that women are generally much more selective in food choices than men, although cognitive and societal factors, such as weight consciousness, likely play a role in such choices. Examples of foods reportedly disliked more by women than by men are brains, kidneys, butter milk, beer, and potato soup. More attune with animal studies, sex differences in the perception of odors may also play a significant role in mate selection and sexual relationships. Despite lacking a functioning vomeronasal system (a system critical for the social and sexual behaviors of many mammals), women are much more smell-oriented than men in a variety of social and sexual contexts. For example, when asked about factors critical for choosing someone as a potential lover, women are more concerned about smells than about looks, whereas the opposite is true of men."
- Ovulation, Female Competition, and Product Choice: Hormonal Influences on Consumer Behavior Kristina M. Durante, Vladas Griskevicius, Sarah E. Hill, Carin Perrillous, Norman P. Li. 2011-04.
"... women at peak fertility (near ovulation) are attracted to different kinds of men and show increased desire to attend social gatherings... we show that at peak fertility women nonconsciously choose products that enhance appearance (e.g., choosing sexy rather than more conservative clothing). This hormonally regulated effect appears to be driven by a desire to outdo attractive rival women... Consistent with the hormonal underpinnings of ovulatory effects, all ovulatory shift effects are “turned off” when women are using hormonal contraception (e.g., the pill, the patch, vaginal ring). Because contraception disrupts the normal fluctuation of hormones across the menstrual cycle, it predictably erases the shifts associated with normal ovulation."
- Women’s preference for dominant male odour: effects of menstrual cycle and relationship status Jan Havlicek, S. Craig Roberts, and Jaroslav Flegr. 2005-07-05.
"Here, we show that women in the fertile phase of their cycle prefer body odour of males who score high on a questionnaire-based dominance scale... this preference varies with relationship status, being much stronger in fertile women in stable relationships than in fertile single women."
- Reasons for Divorce and Recollections of Premarital Intervention: Implications for Improving Relationship Education
- Couples’ Nighttime Sleep Efficiency and Concordance: Evidence for Bidirectional Associations With Daytime Relationship Functioning
- Quick to Berate, Slow to Sleep: Interpartner Psychological Conflict, Mental Health, and Sleep
- The Scent of a Good Night’s Sleep: Olfactory Cues of a Romantic Partner Improve Sleep Efficiency
- Perception of Partner Sleep and Mood: Postpartum Couples’ Relationship Satisfaction
- In Sync with the Family: Children and Partners Influence the Sleep‐Wake Circadian Rhythm and Social Habits of Women
- Bed partner and sleep quality in elderly
- Women would like their Partners to be more Synchronized with them in their Sleep-Wake Rhythm
- Sleep and wake are shared and transmitted between partners of bed-sharing couples
- Sleep and wake are shared and transmitted between individuals with insomnia and their bed-sharing partners
- Perceived Partner Responsiveness Predicts Better Sleep Quality Through Lower Anxiety
- Thalamus and Cortex: Inseparable Partners in Shaping Sleep Slow Waves?
- Bed-Sharing in Couples Is Associated With Increased and Stabilized REM Sleep and Sleep-Stage Synchronization
- Pregnancy Ambivalence and Contraceptive Use Among Young Adults in the United States Jenny A. Higgins, Ronna A. Popkin, and John S. Santelli | 2012-08-10.
"Pregnancy ambivalence, or unresolved or contradictory feelings about whether one wants to have a child at a particular moment, is one of the few psychosocial characteristics that have been identified as strong correlates of contraceptive practices... Imagining a pregnancy with a partner, even if a baby is not fully intended, may increase intimacy within the couple or help a woman appraise her current partner or relationship... Pregnancy ambivalence may also capture individuals with a passive orientation toward pregnancy— those who are “not not trying to get pregnant... Studies of adolescents demonstrate lower use of contraceptives among young women classified as ambivalent about pregnancy than among those with clear intentions... In fact, in that study, pregnancy ambivalence was more strongly associated with contraceptive practices than was a fatalistic attitude about pregnancy, provider satisfaction, race and ethnicity, parity, marital status or poverty level..."
- Preference for human male body hair changes across the menstrual cycle and menopause Markus J. Rantala, Mari Pölkki, Liisa M. Rantala | 2010-01-29.
"Although the cyclic shifts in women’s preferences on men’s traits signaling genetic quality are well supported by experimental evidence, studies testing whether women’s preferences on culturally based traits change with cycle are lacking... We also found that when the women’s fertility was at its highest, they preferred males with less body hair and that postmenopausal women demonstrated stronger preferences relating to male body hair than did premenopausal women... This suggests that women’s preferences as to male hairiness may be partly the result of sexual imprinting on paternal body hair and/or that this preference is heritable."
- Partnership status and the temporal context of relationships influence human female preferences for sexual dimorphism in male face shape A. C. Little, B. C. Jones, I. S. Penton-Voak, D. M. Burt and D. I. Perrett | 2002-04-25.
"Secondary sexual characteristics may indicate quality of the immune system and therefore a preference for masculinity may confer genetic benefits to offspring; however, high masculinity may be associated with costs of decreased paternal investment... We found that preferences for masculinity are increased when women either have a partner or are considering a short-term relationship... We also found that individuals using oral contraception do not show the above effects, indicating that such hormonal intervention potentially disrupts women’s choices for evolutionarily relevant benefits from males."
- Evolution of human music through sexual selection Geoffrey Miller | 2000.
- Female preference for male faces changes cyclically: Further evidence I.S. Penton-Voak, Ph.D., D.I. Perrett, Ph.D | 1999-10-21.
"Female respondents in the follicular phase of their menstrual cycle... were significantly more likely to choose a masculine face than those in menses and luteal phases... This study provides further evidence that when conception is most likely, females prefer testosterone related facial characteristics that may honestly advertise immunocompetence."
- Menstrual cycle variation in women’s preferences for the scent of symmetrical men Steven W. Gangestad and Randy Thornhill | 1998-01-29.
"Results indicated that normally cycling (non–pill using) women near the peak fertility of their cycle tended to prefer the scent of shirts worn by symmetrical [very biologically attractive face] men. Normally ovulating women at low fertility within their cycle, and women using a contraceptive pill, showed no significant preference for either symmetrical or asymmetrical men's scent."